New Crop Insurance Option for Diversified Operations: Whole Farm Revenue Protection

Updated: Jul 10, 2020

By Paul Goeringer and Howard Leathers

Goats eating feed (Photo by Edwin Remsberg).
Goats eating feed (Photo by Edwin Remsberg).

The 2014 Farm Bill authorized USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA) to develop a new type of revenue insurance product, Whole-Farm Revenue Protection (WFRP). WFRP provides a risk management tool for all commodities on farms with up to $8.5 million in insured revenue. WFRP is not intended for one specific crop, like corn, wheat, or soybeans like traditional revenue and yield insurance products, but is intended to cover all crops and livestock grown on a farm. This new product will replace the Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR) and Adjusted Gross Revenue-Lite policies.

How Does WFRP Work?

Beginning with the 2015 crop year (which began on October 1, 2014), diversified specialty crop, mixed grain, organic, or livestock producers will have the option of using WFRP. WFRP is currently available in all Maryland counties. Coverage levels range from 50 to 85 percent, but Catastrophic Risk Protection (CAT) coverage is not available along with WFRP.

WFRP will protect farms against loss of expected farm revenue from either crops produced during the insurance period (whether sold or not), commodities bought for resale during the insurance period, and all commodities on the farm but excludes timber, forest, forest products, and animals for sport, show, or pets.

Goats eating feed (Photo by Edwin Remsberg).
Goats eating feed (Photo by Edwin Remsberg).

For example, Chris operates a diversified farming operation which includes diversified vegetable production for sale at a roadside stand; Chris also purchases additional vegetables from neighbors for resale at this stand. In addition, Chris produces lambs for both meat and for use by 4-H and FFA members as show animals. For WFRP purposes, Chris would be able to insure all his production except those lambs raised for sale as show animals.

WFRP also provides coverage on replants including annual crops, except those covered by another policy, equal to the cost of replanting up to a maximum of 20 percent of the expected revenue, and when 20 percent or 20 acres of the crop needs to be replanted.

The insurance year for WFRP will depend on how you file your taxes. If you file your taxes on a calendar year (January 1 to December 31) then you will use a calendar year. If you use a fiscal year (Ex: July 1 to June 30) to file your taxes, then you will use the fiscal year for WFRP.

Sales closing and coverage modification dates in Maryland will be March 15 each year. Finally, farm operation reporting deadlines will vary among operations. You should check with your local crop insurance agent to determine what your reporting deadlines would be. If you do not have a local crop insurance agent, see

Covered Revenue

The amount of revenue covered by WFRP will depend on the lower of the expected revenue or your whole-farm historic average revenue. Your expected revenue would be the insured revenue from the production of commodities during the current insurance period reported on the Farm Operation Report. The whole-farm historic average revenue is 5 consecutive tax years’ Schedule Fs minus the year immediately before the insurance year. For example, if you look at purchasing WFRP in 2015, you would use Schedule F’s from 2009 – 2013 and exclude 2014.

Table 1: WFRP Coverage Levels, Number of Required Commodities and Maximum Approved Revenue
Table 1: WFRP Coverage Levels, Number of Required Commodities and Maximum Approved Revenue

The maximum approved revenue covered by WFRP will depend on the number of commodities grown on the farm. Table 1 shows the coverage level, minimum number of crops needed to get that coverage level, and maximum farm approved revenue. Growing just one commodity will allow a farmer to get coverage from the 50- to 75-percent levels and increasing the number of commodities to three would allow a maximum coverage of 80 to 85 percent.

Losses occur when the farm’s “Allowable Revenue,” or the farm revenue the IRS requires to be reported on farm tax records, falls below the insured revenue. For example, your insured revenue is at $1,000,000, you grow two crops, and insure at the 75-percent coverage option